The Cerebro-Spinal Fluid (CSF) is a liquid circulating in the Central Nervous System (CNS). It has an important role of protection and of shock absorber for the brain. The CSF is a clear fluid that looks like water and bathes the CNS.
The word Hydrocephalus comes from two classical Greek words: húdôr which means “water" and kephalě which means “head". The term Hydrocephalus indicates excess of fluid within the cranium. Different symptoms result from this excess.
Different diagnostic tools are available to diagnose hydrocephalus. Physical examination or medical test can be performed by the neurosurgeon.
Several medical or surgical treatments are available to regulate CSF flow, relieve pain and correct disorders.
A CSF shunt creates an alternative pathway for CSF to bypass an obstruction to CSF flow or a bad absorption of CSF. There are three components in a shunt that can be completed with one or two accessories.
This part detailed the different steps of a shunt surgery.
A normal daily life is possible with a CSF shunt: sports, activities, travel... However, a specific medical follow-up is needed for every patient with a CSF shunt.